22 de octubre, 2019
La popular miniserie de HBO ofrece una clase de historia que no olvidarás.
Chernobyl,la miniserie de HBO más popular del verano,logró entretener y horrorizar a los espectadores por igual en tan solo 5 episodios intensos. It's so good thatVarietyranked it as one of the best shows of all time with a 9.7 out of 10-star rating. ¿Qué la hizo tan exitosa? This dramatic miniseries offers a history lesson you won't forget, immersingviewersin late-period Soviet society to experience one of the world's worst nuclear disasters and its aftermath.
Here are seven shocking factsChernobyltaught us about nuclear meltdowns, as defined by history.
1.Safety First, Always
Episode one of the TV seriesopens with a flashback to the night it all went wrongonApril25,1986.The nuclear meltdown ensued afterSoviet techniciansdisabled the emergency core cooling system and other safety equipment to performroutine testing onone of the reactors.Severaloperating mistakesthenfollowed,leading toa buildup of steam that caused the reactor to overheat.Fires then broke out, including one inside the reactor that lasted 10 days. The explosions sent a fireball shooting into the sky releasing radioactive material.The accident at Chernobyl releasedmoreradiationthanthe atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima andNagasaki–and itcould’ve been preventedhadproper safety procedures been followed.
2.The Truth Will Always Reveal Itself
The incident atthe nuclear power plantoccurred during the Cold War - a time when discretion wasthought to be of the utmost importance. So, when the nuclear meltdown occurred,the SovietUnionattempted to keepthingsunder wraps-putting residents'healthat riskas radiation continued to circulate in the air.Chernobylillustratedthelack of concern for peoplein the vicinity of thenuclearpowerplantinacold-as-icespeechdeliveredby the characterZharkov, "No one leaves. Y corten las líneas telefónicas. Frenen la difusión de información errónea. That is how we keep the people from undermining the fruits of their own labor." Despite their efforts,Swedish air monitors revealed the truth,forcing the Soviet government toreluctantlytake responsibilityand act.
3.Communication is Key
As mentioned, the Soviet government kept its own citizens in the dark aboutthe risks of radiation. It tookdaysafter the incident before a nearby school was closed and the public was warned to stay inside.36 hours after the accident, Soviet authorities finally began evacuating those who lived nearby.By that time many had alreadyfelt the effects of the radiation andsufferedfrom vomiting and headaches.As the extent of the catastrophe was not communicated,residentsbelieved they would return home.Many people left their pets and valuablesbehind,andwere sadly neverallowed toback.Ultimately, all land within an 18.6-mile radius of the nuclear power plant was closed off. Today,it is an abandoned area that has reopened as atourist attraction.
4.Radiation Poisoning is Not a Dramatization
Chernobylhad several grueling scenes highlighting the effects of radiation exposure, and theyare no exaggeration. The Soviet Union admitted to31 deathscaused directly by the Chernobyl incident.However,according to the United Nations and the World Health Organization, the accident's total death toll from cancer is projected to reach 4,000 for people exposed to high doses of radiation.
5.MoneyIs Always Involved
After the reactorknown as Unit 4exploded, thenuclear plant was shut down…but not for long.Withintwo years the other three reactors were restarted, despitetheir designs being allegedly flawedandradiationcontaminationstill presentat the site.Thousands of plant operatorswent to work every day risking their health to radiation exposure.It wasn't until the year 2000 thatthe lastreactor finally closed. Pero hizo falta asistencia económica de otros países para lograr que la Unión Soviética lo hiciera.
6.Politics Usually Play a Part
Chernobylcapturesall the politics that went into the nuclear meltdown and its aftermath. Soviets initially tried to clear the site withremote-controlled robotsto prevent further radiation exposure to workers, however,when the machines started breaking down in the toxic atmosphere, officials began using human labor. Due to the tensions of the Cold War,the Soviet government did not seek assistance in cleaning up the area even though the U.S.had robots thatcouldhave aided in the decontamination.
7.Consequences Can Last a Long Time
In episode 1 ofChernobyl, firefighters and emergency workersare seenriskingtheir lives to drop sand, lead and baron into the reactor core to help prevent the release of radioactive material.During the time of theactualaccident,theydid this for several days after thereactor failed. TheTVseries may be over, but the mess from the incident remains. El gobierno ucraniano predice que el sitio no estará limpio hasta 2065. Por desgracia, las partículas radiactivas permanecerán en el medio ambiente durante cientos de generaciones por venir.
If you’re looking to catch a glimpse of the past, you can still catchChernobylon HBO withContour TV de Cox. Mira y aprende.